Delhi the capital of India is one of the most lovable and most visited cities of the country. Not only travellers from all over India but from across the globe visit India and cherishes its beauty. As Delhi is filled with rich history and memorable stories, the city has lots of things to offer you in terms of its heritage and monuments sites which are considered as the top tourist destination of the country.
Today we are going to tell you about the best historical monuments in Delhi which you should not miss visiting during your Delhi tourism.
- Red Fort
- Rashtrapati Bhawan
- India Gate
- Qutub Minar
- Humayun’s Tomb
- Jantar Mantar
- Feroz Shah Kotla Fort
- Agrasen Ki Baoli
- Purana Qila
1. Red Fort
Delhi’s skyline is dotted with the beautiful and majestic architecture of Red Fort. Once been served as the house of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, this fort is colored in the hues of happy tales and in the shades of chivalry. The fort starts building when Shah Jahan shifted his capital from Agra to Delhi. Today the fort is listed among the major tourist attractions in Delhi and houses with a large number of museums. It was declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007. This is a place from where India’s first Prime Minister declared India an independent nation on 15th August 1947.
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2. Rashtrapati Bhawan
The official house of first person of India is another tourist and historical destination of the city. The building houses with 340 rooms along with a group of gardens. These gardens are constructed in Islamic style and are called Mughal Garden. Pools, Canals and Fountains enhance the beauty of the garden. The President’s house was designed by British architect Sir Edwin Lutyens. The house organizes Change of Guard ceremony that comprises with an audio visual show, musical rides and parade. The ceremony held in between 8 AM to 9 AM in summers and in winters it starts at 10 AM.
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3. India Gate
An integral part of Delhi’s charm, India Gate rules over the heart of people with its grandeur and architectural wonder. The monument is also visited under the cultural and heritage walk in Delhi. The gate depicts the courage and bravery of the all those soldiers who lost their lives during the World War I. India Gate Delhi was established during 1921 and open for public viewing in 1933. This cenotaph today is also known as Amar Jawan Jyoti which means the flame of the immortal warrior. This flame is continuously burning day and night in the memory of the all those soldiers who gave up their lives for the sake of nations during Indo Pak war in 1971.
4. Qutub Minar
The most spectacular heritage specimen from the bygone era of India, Qutub Minar holds the title of the tallest minaret in India. Featuring as an important part of Delhi tour package, this building is also listed among the UNESCO declared World Heritage Site. The minaret is surrounded by several other monuments is collectively often called Qutub Complex. Its construction was started by the Qutub-Ud-Din Aibak and is completed by his son in law Iltumish, who was the father of only female Muslim ruler Razia Sultana. The minaret is 5 stories tall and is filled with 379 stairs. You can visit this complex during the month of October to March which is also the best time to visit in Delhi.
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5. Humayun’s Tomb
Tomb of Humayun, it is one of the finest examples of Persian architecture. The tomb is one of its kinds. It was after the nine years of Humayun’s death. This tomb was designed by Mirak Mirza Ghiyath who was a Persian architect. The tomb is the first garden style tomb which makes it more unique. It has double storied getaways and to the south which is 16 meters high. The central chamber of the tomb is octagonal. The mausoleum is a perfect combination of Persian and Indian architectural style. The grave of Babur lies on the southwards of the tomb and is reached by the seven steps from the south.
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6. Jantar Mantar
One of the prominent observatories of India was built by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur. It was constructed during 1720’s and was used to make studies of astronomical data. The term Jantar Mantar derives from two words Yantra which means instruments and Mantra which stands for formula. Jantar Mantar though once was the great advancement in the field of astronomical data but gradually with the time it lost its importance because of the construction of other buildings built nearby which blocks the operation for the precise observation. Even today the monument is featured as the prominent tourist attractions in the city.
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7. Feroz Shah Kotla Fort
Built by Sultan Feroz Shah this huge and exotic fortress was a walled city. It was filled by everything in it right start from gardens to mosque to mesmerizing palaces. One of the most prominent features of this fort is Ashoka Pillar which stands tall at the height of 13 meters. This pillar is engraved with the pronouncements of the Emperor Ashoka’s principles.
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8. Agrasen Ki Baoli
It was built during the 14th century and was used as a water reservoir. It is a step-well where rain water was stored. This step-well has 104 steps with a huge series of chambers and passages. The structure resembles those of Tuglaq and Lodhi styles and it is influence by both Hindu and Islamic religion. Centre of the wall holds water and with that these is a small mosque towards the western end of the Baoli. There is no entry fee charged or any fee charged for photography. Jantar Mantar, Rashtrapati Bhawan, India Gate is nearby attraction of this place.
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9. Purana Qila
It is one of the oldest forts not only in Delhi but also in India. It beautifully signifies its name. It was built by She Shah Suri. This amazing monument has three gates with each one serving a different purpose in its time. The notable structures that are consists in the fort are She Mandal and Qila-I-Kuhna Mosque. People of all cast and religion can visit this mosque. Along with the Baoli there is also a bathing house which is called Hammam. Over all it’s an amazing structure to visit during India tours.
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