Land of diversity, India is not only culturally rich but it is also having rich biodiversity. The flora and fauna in India is so amazing and rich that travellers from all across the country visit India to get mesmerized by the beauty of this place. India is equipped with wide range of National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries and offers its travellers a pleasing experience of Wildlife tour packages.
Today in our post we are going to discuss about one of the most amazing and spectacular National Parks in India, namely Sunderbans. It is located on the South Eastern tips of Paraganas district in the state of West Bengal. The national park has got its name from Mangrove plants which are known as Sundari and “bans” means forest, so the forest of Sundari is Sunderbans.
- Sunderbans Geographical Area
- Surroundings of the Park
- Natural Habitant and The Local Communities of the Forest
- Suderbans National Park, Some Facts!
1. Sunderbans Geographical Area
Geographically speaking, the area of Sunderbans is a part of the world’s largest delta which is formed by the amalgamation of the three most sacred rivers of India, The Ganges, The Brahmmaptra and the Meghna. The area covered by the national park is huge and it is spread around 4200 km in India alone and the remaining portion of the forest lies in Bangladesh with the figure of 2585 sq km. mapping its length and breadth, the Sunderbans Forest is listed as the largest National Park in India. Out of it total area, 2000 sq km of land is filled with mangrove forest which spread across 56 islands and the balance is done under the water.
2. Surroundings of the Park
This beautiful and enchanting National Park is wrapped around with the sight spotting zone of 885 sq km. These paths for buffering the forest are also dotted with the mangrove forest – the Sundari trees. The park has made its boundary naturally with the presence of the Malta River on its West along with the Haribhanga River on its East and the famous Gosba and Netidhopani on the North of the forest.
3. Natural Habitant and The Local Communities of the Forest
Being one of the largest National Parks in India, Sunderbans is also having the human habitant along with the natural ones. The people living over here are dependent on the agriculture activities as their major occupations. They actually does not living in the forest but are dwelling in the villages which are adjoining the forest. People living here are facing the consequences which have blown the fraternal feelings and non-communal traditions here. Both communities, Hindu and Muslims here are living with peace and worhip the same Gods and Goddesses.
Talking about the wildlife of Sunderbans National Park, it is flourishing here with all richness and beautifully. The major attractions of this place are the Royal Bengal Tigers. These tigers are quite different from that of others. They have adapted themselves to survive according to the environmental condition of this place with the ability to swim. One can find many natural habitat of wildlife over here such as jungle fowl, giant lizards, spotted deer, wild boar, Crocodile and much more. If you are lucky enough and visit this place during migratory season, then you might get a chance to spot the Siberian Ducks. The place is also serving as a house of endangered species like Batagur Baska, King Crabs and Olive Ridely Turtles.
Suggested Tour: 6 Nights 7 Days Sunderbans Wildlife Tour Package
4. Suderbans National Park, Some Facts!
Here we have gathered all the information about the national park and brought to you the consolidated information about this India’s largest National Park.
1. Sunderbans declared wildlife Sanctuary since 1966.
2. The core area of the sanctuary has declared Sunderbans Tiger Reserve in 1973.
3. Decaled as UNESCO declared World heritage site in 1987.
4. The whole has declared as Biosphere Reserve in 1989.
5. Houses 400 Royal Bengal tigers and approx 30,000 deer.
6. Travellers can find a plethora of hotels and resorts near the jungle camps which are lying in and out of the forest.
7. Food is not a problem; one can savor scrumptious delicacies of various cuisine, veg and non-veg, in the restaurants and food joints, located near the forest.
8. Best time to visit Sunderbans National Park is during the season between December and February. Months from September to March brings lots of migratory birds with them.
9. Here is how you can reach Sunderbans National Park. Nearest airport is the Calcutta airport. The nearest railway station is Canning and the town is Gosaba.
10. Major attractions in Sunderbans are Sajnekhali Watch Tower, Sudhanyakhali Watch Towr, Do Ban Ki Watch Tower, Piyali and many more.