Kolkata Travel Guide
Kolkata Travel Guide
Kolkata is one of the four major metropolitan cities of India. The capital of West Bengal is also the second largest city in India after Mumbai. Formally known as Calcutta, the charming city is full of elegant culture, flamboyant history and prosperous future. Long known as the Cultural Capital of India has a famous saying ‘What Bengal Thought Today, India Thought Tomorrow’ for having originates some of the greatest thinkers, artists, film makers and writers. This is the land of many famous personalities such as Rabindranath Tagore, bamkim Chandra Chatto padhyay and Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay. Famous film maker and writer Satyajit Ray was also belonged to this ‘City of Joy’. Located on the banks of charming Hoogly River, the charming city has sprouts many ideas in the field of art, literature, cinema and theater that provides inspiration to rest of the country.
History of Kolkata
Formally known as Calcutta, the city was the capital of India until 1911 during British Era. Prior to that Kolkata was a small village and capital of Bengal and Murshidabad. Calcutta was taken over from Siraj Ud Daulah by Robert Clive in the battle of Plassey. According to some scholars the city got its name derived from Bengali Word KALIKSHETRA which means the ground of Goddess Kali. While some other believed the city has got its name from KALIKA a Bengali word. According to the legends, once an English man asked a farmer about the place, farmer then misunderstood the question and thought that the English Man asked him when he had cut these paddy, the farmer replies Cul Kata (means Cut yesterday in Hindi) and hence the city gots its name Culcutta. In Year 1820 and 1930 the city face many battles against the British and stood against Lord Curzon’s evil plan of Partition of Bengal.
During British Rule in India, Kolkata served many great leaders like Subhash Chandra Bose, Rabindra Nath Tagore and Swami Vivekanand. After Independence the capital of India was shifted to Delhi and in year 2001 Culcutta was official renamed as Kolkata.
Culture - Traditions & Cuisine of Kolkata
Once the city of was known as the ‘Cultural City of India’ is now one of the culturally rich cities in India. The city is shown with luminaries like Rabindranath Tagore, Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee, Vidyasagar, Satyajit Ray, Bankim Chandra, Raja Ram Mohan Ray etc. The city has fun loving people, joyous and full of enthusiasm. The art and craft of the city is well-known that shows the image of its marvelous history.
Kolkata celebrates all the festivals with all joy and pleasure but the city become lively during Durga Puja when people worship Goddess Durga. The sound of Dhak, Dhunuchi Nachh flavors the city with the fragrance off Joy and Happiness. Dance and Music are the un-detachable part of the city, many famous Bengali artist have established their names in Bengali Cinema as well as Bollywood. Rabindra Sangeet, Rabindra Nritya Natya and Nazrul Geeti are also popular in the city. Even Dramas and theater are essential parts of the Bengali cultural life.
Cuisine in Kolkata
Food of Bengal is indeed famous for its aromatic taste and delicious flavors. Bengal is equally inclined to spicy and sweet dishes. The stape food of the Bengalis is fish and rice. Fish may be fried or cooked with gravy. Some of the major Bengali foods are – Macher jhol, Chingri Macher malaikari, Doi Illish, Kochuri and Alurdom, Luchi. Sweet dishes like Rosogolla, Rasmalai, Sandesh and Misthi Doi Cham Cham Kheer will definitely tickle your sweet tooth.
Shopping in Kolkata
If you would are Travelling to Kolkata, do not forget to mention these places for shopping from your itinerary. You may consider these places for shopping.
1. New Market - It is a pocket friendly place. One can get innumerable shops selling various stuffs. From footwear to cloths, precious metals, fashion jeweler and stones, toys and electronic gadgets. Availability of all the things makes this place more favorite among the customers of all age group. The products are cheap and of good quality.
2. Gariahat - The shops on both side of the market displays various items from deco to crockery, material and fabrics to readymade garment for customers of all age group. The saree market offers different form of sarees according to your budget. Some other places of shopping in Kolkata are Burrabazar market, Hati Bagan and magnificent Malls.
Best Places to Visit Kolkata
The city of Joy has its beauty lies in its culture. There are many best places to visit in Kolkata.
Victoria Memorial Hall:
It was built in between 1906 and 1921. It was built in the memory of Queen Victoria and is now converted into a museum and tourist destination. It has paintings and assortments of things from the British Era. The museum houses notable collection of weapons, sculptors, paintings, coins, stamps, maps, artifacts etc.
This is one of the major tourist attractions in Howrah, the twin city of Kolkata. It is one of its kind bridge and the sixth largest bridge in the world. Tied above the Hoogly River, it was initially called as New Howrah Bridge as it replaced the pontoon bridge. The bridge has a separate for path for pedestrian.
It is one of the biggest stadium in the world which has a seating capacity of over 90000 people. Some of the historic cricket matches like 1987 World Cup final and semi-final between India and Sri-Lanka was played here. Currently the place se featuring as the home ground to Kolkata Knight Riders during IPL.
The temple as its name suggests, is dedicated to Hindu goddess Kali. The temple is considered among the 52 Shakti Peethas in the Kali temple is located in kallighat. The temple is among such many temples where the sacrifice of Goat is still in culture. The temple is visited by thousands of visitors every year. The peculiars painting in the temple is quite among pilgrimages.
Here Are Some Other Tourist Places in Kolkata Are -
St. Paul’s Cathedral Church
Victoria Memorial Hall
Best Time to Visit Kolkata
Kolkata is one of the best places from the point of tourist destinations. One can see various typed of climate in Kolkata. Summers here start from March and till May. The weather is very hot as well as humid. Winters can be enjoyed from November to February when the lowest temperature drops till 9 degree. The best time visit Kolkata is Monsoon Season from June to September. During this time the city is blessed with heavy rains and pleasing breezes.
How to Reach Kolkata
Kolkata, being one of the most prominent cities, ever since from the beginning of the Indian History. The place is blessed with well-knitted roads, railways and airways.
The Kolkata International Airport and Metaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport connects you with all major Indian cities as well as International cities like Doha, Dubai, Bangkok, Dhaka, Kaula Lumpur and etc.
The well knitted cluster of roads helps in travelling you to neighboring states like Orrisa, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim and Assam. The City is having a good network of road.
Two major Railway Station Howrah and Sealdah are situated in the city. Both of these railway stations are well connected to all important cities of the country.