The majestic forts touching the sky, charming palaces showcasing the grandeur and the historical monuments telling the stories of royal bygone era, such is the charm of Jaipur. Jaipur, also goes by the name of Pink City, is serving as the capital of Rajasthan. With a plethora of historical and tourist attractions Jaipur attracts thousands of tourists towards itself.
The major attraction that attracts the travellers in Jaipur is the huge and magnificent Amber Fort. Spell as Amer, the fort is huge, and is situated on the top of the hill that comes under the ranges of Aravalli. The fort holds a prominent position in Jaipur Tourism. Today we will going to discuss about the very popular Amber Fort and about its history, visiting hours, things to do and everything which will give a fine idea about this architectural marvel.
- Amber Fort (Amer Fort) and Its History
- Architectural Design
- Best Time To Visit – Entry Fees – Timings & Charges
- Top Things To Do in Amber Fort
- How To Reach Amber Fort
1. Amber Fort (Amer Fort) and Its History
It was year 1592 when this huge fort came into being. This fort was constructed by the Rajput ruler Raja Maan Singh 1. He was one of the navratans of Akbar’s court. 11 km away from the present day Jaipur, ruling Kachhawa clan made Amber their capital and ruled their before they shifted to Jaipur. According to some historians, though the present day Amber Fort took its present form in the rule of Raja Maan Singh but it was the Meenas who initiated its building, they were the original builders.
The region of Amber was once known as Dhundar. The region was ruled by the clan of Kachhawa from 11th to 16th century and later they shifted their capital to Jaipur. During that time many other monuments were built, due to constant attacks and changing time some destroyed some replaced but till date this huge fort was stood still passing all the tests of invasions and time.
2. Architectural Design
Shinning on the hills of Aravalli, the palace is magnificently built approximately 500 years back under the supervision of Raja Man Singh 1. The fort is built with Red Sandstone and the marble sheets perfectly blended with the Mughal and the Rajput schools of architecture. The very famous Jaigarh Fort is also located close to the Fort of Amber. According to many historians both these forts are actually regarded as one structure and are connected through a subterranean passage that connects these two forts.
The beautiful and shimmering Maota Lake is located on the foot hills of Amber Fort. This beautiful lake was once the major source of water to this fort. Shimmering huge lake offers the sightseers a splendid view. This beautiful lake is featuring as one of the prime attractions at Amber Fort.
Shila Devi Temple
There is temple inside the fort which is dedicated to Goddess Shila – locally known as Shila Mata temple. Shila Mata is considered as the manifestation of Goddess Kali. The temple was built with this fort by the Kachhawa rulers. Shila Mata is considered as the family deity of Rajput Kachhawa clan. According to some historians, it is believed that this black idol of Goddess have been imported from East Bengal.
Broadly the fort is been classified into four major sections which are also called the courtyards. Each has its own entry gate. The major entry is from the Suraj Pol (The Sun Gate) that leads to Jaleb Chowk which is the first main courtyard.
This is beautiful stairway from Jaleb Chowk which will lead you to Shila Devi temple, where the kings used to worship their deity from 16th century until late 1980’s. The first courtyard also equipped with another gate named Ganesh Pole which leads to the private palaces of the Maharajas. Above it there is a Suhag Mandir. In this place royal ladies used to sit and watch the functions that used to hold in Diwan-I-Aam.
The second courtyard is comprises with the Diwan –E – Aam. It was the place where the king used to hear the petition from the common public.
Third Courtyard is one of the most important and prominent courtyard which is compact with the many significant places which makes the Amber Fort as a whole. Ganesh Pol has an entry to this courtyard and has two buildings which are separated by the garden designed in the Mughal style.
Left building is Jai Mandir which is having glass inlaid panels, it is known as Sheesh Mahal. The building on the right is called the Sukh Niwas aka Hall of pleasure, built in such a way that the environs remain always cool over here.
There is a palace of Man Singh 1 that lies in the south side of this courtyard. A beautiful palace with multiple rooms and open balconies connected to all sides of pavilion.
The Tripolia Gate in this courtyard is a three ways gate that leads to Jaleb Chowk, Man Singh Palace and Zenana Deorhi. Then there is a lion gate (Singh Dwar) that leads to Private quarters in the palaces.
It is a courtyard where the ladies of royal family along with their maids and mistresses lived. It has many living rooms and also has Jas Mandir which was known as the hall of private audience.
4. Best Time To Visit – Entry Fees – Timings & Charges
Rajasthan remain hot during most of the time of the year. It is advisable for travellers to visit this place during the months between November and March, as it is the time when the temperature remains moderate and perhaps it is the best time for your Rajasthan Tour Packages.
As far as timings of Amber Fort are concern, the entry in the Amber Fort is eligible from 8 in the morning till 6 in the evening. For all those who wish to avail the elephant ride or Elephant Safari can enjoy the same in the early hours of the morning. Generally elephant safari takes place in between 7:30 am in the morning till 12:30 pm in the afternoon.
You can see more details on Elephant Safari here and learn Why Elephant Safari At Amber Fort is Famous Among Tourists?
Here are the details on the entrance fee and charges for all foreign and local travellers. For Foreigners it is INR 550 per person/ Foreign Students INR 100, Indian Travellers INR 25, Indian Students INR 10.
Here are the fee details of Light and Sound shows – In English its INR 200 per head and in Hindi its INR 100 per head. Elephant Ride costs INR 1100 per head.
5. Top Things To Do in Amber Fort
Visiting the majestic and charismatic fort brings lots of fun to your Jaipur Tours. While visiting this beautiful palace you would be provided with the following options to do in Amber Fort –
- You Can Take as Many Pictures as You Can to Make Some Memories.
- You Will Love Attending the Night and Sound Shows in Amber Fort.
- The Bird Eye View of the City From Top of the Hill Is Mesmerizing.
- A Charming Turban Museum Inside the Fort With a Large Variety of Turbans in It. The Entry Is Free.
- Enjoy Ethic Rajasthani Food at Surabhi Restaurant in-side the Fort.
6. How To Reach Amber Fort
Being the major Jaipur tourist attraction, the fort is easily accessible with almost all kinds of modes of transportation’s. You can reach here with buses, auto rickshaws, taxis or cabs. The large number of roadways buses can be taken which lead you to Amber Fort. You can also avail thrilling elephant ride to reach at Amber Fort in Jaipur.