Jodhpur Travel Guide
Jodhpur Travel Guide
Jodhpur is one of the largest cities in the state of Rajasthan. The city is nestled on the edge of the Thar Desert. The historical city of Marwar, echo many tales of Rajputi Era in the emptiness of desert. Jodhpur once was the capital of Marwar state and the city was established in 1459 AD by the chief of Rajput clan Rao Jodha, who claimed to be descendants of Lord Rama – the 7th incarnation of Lord Vishnu (one of the trinity). Jodhpur is popularly known for the Mehrangarh Fort. The majestic fort of Mehrangarh is listed among the magnificent forts of Rajasthan and whichwas once the home to many Rajput Kings/ Rajput Rulers.
There’s a huge cluster of houses that are painted in the blue color because of which the city is also called as Blue City. The town is located on the planned road linking Delhi and Gujarat. Being linking with the two most important Cities of India, Jodhpur has a trading relation with these cities in the field of opium, copper silk, sandals, dates and coffee. In making Jodhpur a modern city King Ummed Singh played a vital role. Whether it’s about business, infrastructure or education everythingtook a leap in way of improvement during his reign. Jodhpur is famous for its forts, havelis standing magnificently singing the history of past. The most alluring part of Jodhpur is the traditional lifestyle, festivity and the smiling people which treasure this former princely state.
History of Jodhpur:
The history of Jodhpur is as magnificent as its forts and havelis. The district of Jodhpur was known as the ancient kingdom of Marwar which literally means ‘The Land of Death’. This town was listed as the third largest kingdom in India after the Indian Kingdoms of Kashmir and Hyderabad. In 1459 AD Rajput chief of the Rathore Clan, Rao Jodha founded Jodhpur. The city has always been under the one or other Rajput rulers. Right start from the reign of Rao Jodha to Maharaja Ajit Singh and from Maharaja Abhi Singh to Maharaja Hanwant Singh, Jodhpur has been a witness of many clans and rulers.
After India gained Independence in 1947 AD, Jodhpur joined the Republic of India with great persuasion by Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel under Maharaja Hanwant Singh. Finally in the year 1956 the city was made a part of the state of Rajasthan under the State Reorganisation Act.
Culture and Traditions in Jodhpur:
Jodhpur is also known as the ‘Sun City’. The bright and sunny weather all year round in the city is culturally rich and traditional. The colorful costumes with vibrant color tell about the unique and colorful culture of the people. You can see a royal touch of glorious past in the music, dance, food, costume, festivals and everything here. There are many things which will give you a clear picture about the culture and traditions of Jodhpur. Lets’ take a look –
Turbans – People in Jodhpur love to wear turban (Pagdi) made up of colorful cotton cloth. The ladies wear vibrant color choonris or odhnis. Actually these turbans and odhnis protect people from the scorching heat and can also be used as a pillow or sheet. The turban shows the selfhood of the Blue City Jodhpur.
Language and Costumes – The city of Jodhpur is well known for its sweet spoken languages that flatter your ears with sweetness. The people of Jodhpur are very hospitable people in India. The desert loving people can win your hearts with a sweet smile and warm hospitality. Generally men of rural areas wear Dhoti and Kurta with a vibrant color turban and women wears ghagra odhni with traditional bindi on their forehead. The main languages spoken in Jodhpur are Hindi, Marwari and Rajasthani but you can listen here typical Marwari from most of the people.
Handicrafts of Jodhpur and Festivals of Jodhpur:
The handmade items of Jodhpur are very famous in India and World. The ivory items and the wooden toys are the main attraction of the handicrafts of Jodhpur. The city is also renowned for the embroidered leather shoes, antiques, tie and die textiles, clay figure, marble inlay, carpet, puppets and classic traditional jewelries made of silver, glass (bangles generally) or any other metals. Jodhpuri Jootiyaa (shoes) is the singularity of the place.
Culture and tradition of Jodhpur is so rich that you can get the image of same from the local people. There are many different festivals that Jodhpur celebrates. Besides the common festivals like Diwali, Holi and Navratra the city also celebrate some unique festivals like Kite festival on 14 January. Marwar Festival happens in October month and Nagaur fair take place in between January to February every year. Nagaur Fair is also considered as the largest festivals of India, where trading of camels, horses and bullock are the specialty of this festivals.
Cuisine of Jodhpur
If you love to pamper your taste buds with the royal delicacies then Jodhpur is definitely a place you must visit. Sun City is not only famous for its forts, culture and folktales but it also has a good taste when it comes to different dishes and food.
When it comes to cuisine you can enjoy an entire palate full of Rajasthani Dishesthat you can savor in all over Jodhpur. You will love the traditional dishes like Makhaniya Lassi, Pyaaj Ki Kachori, Mawa ki Kachori, Spicy Mirchi Bada and off course famous Rajasthani cuisine Dal bati Churma.
Here are some names in the list of scrumptious snacks that you will pamper your taste buds for sure –
Kachori and Bada
Dal Bati Churma
Lassan Ki Chatni
Gatte Ki Sabji
Ker Sangri Sabji
Kachara Mircha Sabji
In sweet dishes you will definitely love Lapsi and Aate ka Hawla, Motichoor Ke Laddo, Gulaab Jamun are to name a few. You cannot understand the real flavor of the city if you miss these mouth-watering deserts.
Best Places to Visit Jodhpur
Jodhpur is the vantage point of many historical and cultural places. These culturally rich places have their own historical and cultural importance. These are some places which you can visit when you come to Jodhpur.
The fort holds the pride of place in Jodhpur because of its splendid architecture and the diverse history. This majestic fort was built by Rao Jodha the founder of Jodhpur in year 1459 AD. Some of the major features of this fort are –
1. It is situated on 25 m high hill.
2. There are 7 entrance gates made by different rules in honor of victory over Bikaner and Jaipur.
3. Guests can enjoy the picturesque view of Blue City from the top of the fort.
4. Main places in Mehrangarh fort are Moti Mahal, Phool Mahal, Sheesh Mahal, Zenana Dude and Jhanki Mahal.
5. A museum will surely amuse you with collectable of antiques from Rajput clan.
Ummed Bhawan Palace:
This is the largest private residence in the world. There are 372 rooms, wood paneled gigantic library, a private museum, indoor swimming pool, billiard room and a uniquely styled marble squash courts.
1. The place was built to employ the farmers. It was built in between 1928 to 1943 by Maharaja Ummed Singh of Jodhpur.
2. The Main attractions are – collection of vintage cars, clocks and banners gifted by Queen Victoria, trophies and weapons of kings.
Popularly known as the Taj Mahal of Marwar this royal monument is dedicated to Maharaja Jaswant Singh 2 the 33rd ruler of Jodhpur.
1. It was built by Maharaja Sardar Singh for his father.
2. The building is covered with snow white marble sheets with polished stones that exude a sunny glow, when sun rays fall on it.
3. The monument can be visited between 9 am to 5 pm.
4. No eating options available near this place, you must carry your own food sample and water bottle.
Some other major attractions of Jodhpur are Sardar Government Museum, Maha Mandir temple, Kaylana Lake, Desert Safari, ArnaJharna, Mandore, jalore Wildlife Sancturary and many more.
Best Time to Visit Jodhpur
The city is literally located on the edge of Thar Desert. Due to this the climate of Jodhpur changes frequently. The summers are harsh and scorching. The best time to visit Jodhpur is the months from October to March when the atmosphere is pleasing and cherishing.
How to Reach Jodhpur
The Jodhpur airport has connection mainly with Jaipur, Delhi, Udaipur and Bombay.
Jodhpur is connected by rail with Jaisalmer, Bikaner, Jaipur Abu Road, Bombay via Ahmedabad, Udaipur via Marwar.
If you wish to reach Jodhpur via road you may reach here through Agra which is 577 km, Ajmer 198 km, Bikaner 240 km, Ranakpur 175 km, Mount Abu 264 Km.
A perfectly managed cluster of busses is available from Jodhpur to Ahmedabad, Ajmer, Jaipur, Bikaner and Nathdwara.
Jodhpur is like an oasis in a giant desert with an array of thorny shrubs spread all over the area. The gigantic forts, the historical monuments and the divine shrines all make the place a perfect tourist destination. Staying in this heritage city will give you a unique experience. Welcome to Sun City – Jodhpur.