Mumbai Travel Guide
Mumbai Travel Guide
Mumbai, which is also known as the City of Dreams is the gateway to India. The capital of Maharashtra is previously known as ‘Bombay’. The city also comes under World’s most populous cities in the world having metropolitan population of 21 million. Mumbai is also known as the ‘financial capital of India’, and the presence of Indian Stock exchange prove this points. Mumbai is a perfect example of ‘Unity in diversity’ as it has people from different cultural background from all over India. Hindi film industry which also goes by the name of Bollywood is also situated in Mumbai. The name of the city has been decided after many debates and discussion. Some says Bombay was the original name which was derived from Portuguese word Bom Bahia which means Beautiful Bay. While other claims that Mumbai the present name is the original name of the city which is derived from ‘Mumba Devi’ who is a local Hindu Goddess. After many discussions and many debates the name officially changed to Mumbai from Bombay in 1995.
History of Mumbai
The city of dreams is full of rich culture and glorious history. Past few centuries has witnessed many changes in Mumbai. Some changes leads to the development of city and some remained unsung. Actually the history of Mumbai stated with a Portuguese traveller ‘Vasco Da Gama’ who explored this area and named it Bom Baia which mean Beautiful Bay or Good Bay. This later, with the passing time becomes Bombay. During the time of Emperor Ashoka, the city was scattered in 7 different islands. Mumbai actually come into picture 1498 when Portuguese took over the place from Sultan of Gujarat. The city has history of 500 years.
Lets’ Take a Look Gradually
1. After Portuguese took this place, Mumbai was gifted to Charles II of England as a dowry. As the sister of Portuguese King was married to Charles II.
2. Later Charles II gave this city to East India Company in 1668. East India Company then built many docks, trading posts and fort which have become the nerve of the city.
3. Gradually in 1708 Bombay became East India Company’s headquarters and second British Governor General cultivated Bombay as a chief commercial trading centre in India through sea route.
4. In 1845 all the 7 island were merged and formed a single city. After India gained Independence the city announces as the new capital of Maharashtra.
5. In November 1995 Bombay official named as Mumbai.
Culture, Traditions and Cuisine of Mumbai
Considered as cosmopolitan city, Mumbai is also listed as the most populous city in the world. Mumbai is a melting pot of different culture and traditions, mixture of different culture come out a typical ‘Mumbaikar’.
Here are some major points covered to give you a fine view of the vast culture of Mumbai-
a) Though more than half a population is non-Mumbaikar, and the major regional folks are Parsis, Sindhis, Gujarati and so one.
b) People from different region of India are living in sky of Mumbai; most of the population of this city belongs to people from U.P and Bihar who have moved here.
c) For accommodation, people live in ‘Chawls’ which are multi-storied buildings having numerous single rooms which are shared by entire family.
d) Mumbai also houses Indian Film fraternity which is also known as ‘Bollywood’.
e) Mumbai has dozens of nightclubs varies according to the budget of the individual.
Cuisine of Mumbai
People of Mumbai have always been famous for their love for its traditional food. The cuisine of Mumbai is lip smacking, scrumptious which is widely famous throughout the country. Food in Mumbai without which Mumbaikar cannot live is ‘Paav Bhaaji’. A dish includes the mixture mash of different vegetables and fried bread, garnished with a dollop of butter and chopped onions. Some other delicious and mouth-watering dishes are masala bhat, moong dal khichdi, Mumbai Tawa Pulao and an unending list which is adored by the foodies.
Best Places to Visit Mumbai
If you want the peak into the true spirit of Mumbai, you should visit these following places which are some of the best places to visit in Mumbai.
Gateway of India:
It was built in 20th century and is one of the major tourist attractions in Mumbai. This 85 feet tall archeological wonder is standing as the significant landmark in Mumbai. The arch of the monument gives an imprint of Muslim style and the decation has been done in Hindu style.
Mount Mary Church:
The church is also known as Basilica of our Lady Mount. Not only Christian but also people of different faiths and religion visit this church.
Haji Ali Dargah:
The most renowned and holy place of Muslims is situated in the middle of an island. The Dargah was built in 1431 and is mausoleum of Pir Haji Ali Shah who was a Sufi saint.
Shri Siddhivinayak Temple:
This is one of the most prestigious temple of India is Shri Siddhivinayak temple is dedicated to Lord Ganesha. Thousands of devotees visit this temple in a day.
Some other tourist places in Mumbai with historical and religious importance that you should visit while your travel tours to Mumbai are –
1. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
2. The Asiatic Society
3. Bandra Worli Sea Link
4. Marine Drive
6. Maha Laxmi Temple
7. Crawford Market
Best Time to Visit Mumbai
For leisure travellers and tourist the best time to visit Mumbai is in month after monsoon and before summers. As the place is situated beside costal area the climate of Mumbai is generally filled with humidity and sweat. If you wish to visit this place you should come to Mumbai from October to March.
How to Reach Mumbai
Being the financial capital of India, you have many options to reach this city of dreams.
Sahara International Airport of Mumbai has many flights flying to the city. Other major airport is Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport.
If you are planning to visit Mumbai by road, you can reach from Nasik, Pune, Aurangabad which are 170km, 150km and 340 km from the city respectively.
Railway is considered as the life line of the Mumbai. Rails are well connected with other major cities and offers a good cluster of rails to people.